12th Ljudevit Jurak International Symposium on
Comparative Pathology
Zagreb
June 1-2, 2001
 

ABSTRACT
EPIDEMIOLOGIC CHARACTERISTICS OF EAST CROATIAN’S SUICIDES IN OSIJEK COUNTY FROM 1986 TO 2000
M. Marcikiæ, M. Ugljareviæ, B. Dumenèiæ, T. Dijaniæ
University Hospital Osijek, Department of Pathology and Forensic Medicine, Osijek, Croatia
Suicide is a devastating tragedy associated to social, cultural and psychological factors. It takes approximately 1060 lives each year in the Republic of Croatia. We retrospectively reviewed all cases referred to the Registry office and Police Department within the county of Osijek from 1986 to 2000. The cases of suicide totalled 1017. All of the cases were analysed as to age, gender, marital status, occupation, place and time of suicide and method of suicide. The suicide rate for the entire population of the County averaged 21/100 000 inhabitants per annum. The ages ranged from 15 to 92 years. The male to female ratio was 2.1:1. The highest suicide incidence was within the age groups of 55 to 64 years (19.27%), followed by the age group of 45 to 54 years (16.2%). The lowest rate of suicide incidence was within the age group < 19 (3.4%). The incidence within the group 85 < years was also low (2.06%). Suicide was common among people who live alone, single, widowed, divorced (47.29%). Eighty percent of victims were found in surroundings familiar to them, including various rooms within their residences. Retirees, laborers and unemployed (67.36%) were predominant among suicide victims. The most common methods chosen in order to commit suicide were hangings (43%), followed by firearms (24%). No correlation existed with days of the week and months of the year. The study showed an increasing in  of suicide in the post war period (27/100 000 in the year 1997).
Program